What is Graston Technique®?
Graston Technique® (GT) is a unique, evidence-based form of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization that enables clinicians to effectively and efficiently address soft tissue lesions and fascial restrictions resulting in improved patient outcomes.
GT uses specially designed stainless steel instruments with unique treatment edges and angles to deliver an effective means of manual therapy. The use of GT instruments, when combined with appropriate therapeutic exercise, leads to the restoration of pain-free movement and function. The instruments also are used diagnostically to assess the kinetic chain, in an efficient manner using the principles of regional interdependence.
How are Graston Technique® instruments used?
GT instruments are used first to enhance the clinician's ability to detect soft tissue lesions, scar tissue/fibrosis or restrictions in the affected areas as determined from a comprehensive examination of movement and function. Skilled clinicians use the stainless steel instruments to comb over and "catch" on fibrotic tissue, which immediately identifies the areas of restriction. Once the tissue has been identified, the instruments are then used to address and treat the abnormal tissue. When GT is combined with appropriate therapeutic exercises and activities, pain free function is often restored.
- Lambert M, Hitchcock R, Lavallee K, Hayford E, Morazzini R, Wallace A, Conroy D, Cleland J. (2017). The effects of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization compared to other interventions on pain and function: a systematic review. Physical therapy reviews, 1-10.
- Cheatham SW, Lee M, Cain M, Baker R (2016). The efficacy of instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization: a systematic review (.pdf). JCCA, 60(3), 200-211.
- Loghmani T, Bane S. (2016). Instrument-assisted soft tissue manipulation: evidence for its emerging efficacy. Journal of novel physiotherapies, S3:012.
- Moon JH, Jung JH, Won YS, Cho HY (2017). Immediate effects of Graston Technique on hamstring muscle extensibility and pain intensity in patients with nonspecific low back pain. (.pdf) Journal of physical therapy science, 29(2), 224-227.
- Palmer TG, Wilson B, Kohn M, Miko S (2016). The effect of an instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization technique on talocrural joint range of motion (.pdf). International journal of athletic therapy and training, 1-26.
- arrett TR, Neibert PJ (2014). Effect of Graston Technique as a treatment for patients with chronic plantar fasciosis: a randomized controlled trial (.pdf). Journal of athletic training, 49(3), S57-58.
- Heyer K, Docherty C, Donahue M, Schrader JW (2012). Effect of implement assisted soft tissue mobilization techniques on iliotibial band tightness. Journal of athletic training, 47(3), S128